5 Most Common Types of Cybersecurity

Everything nowadays depends on the internet and computers, including entertainment, communication, transportation, medicine, banking, and shopping. With such a high reliance on computers and the internet, ignoring the risk of cybercrime can be extremely harmful to you, your organisation, employees and customers.

Types of Cybersecurity

Cybersecurity helps protect your computer and other internet-connected devices from cyberattacks. And with security in place, hackers cannot gain access to your computer and misuse information.

This article will teach you the five most common types of cybersecurity that will help lay the groundwork for a solid security strategy.

1. Critical Infrastructure Security

Critical infrastructure security focuses on protecting the systems, networks, and assets that modern societies heavily rely on. The safety and well-being of a society depend on critical infrastructure security and resilience.

Some examples of critical infrastructure:

  • Electricity grid
  • Water purification
  • Traffic lights
  • Shopping centres
  • Hospitals

The organisations protecting critical infrastructure must identify vulnerable areas to protect the businesses for which they are responsible. This will help reduce the risk of cyber malware or cyberattacks.

Furthermore, organisations that are not in charge of critical infrastructure but rely on it for a portion of their operations should develop a backup plan that considers how an attack on the infrastructure on which they rely would affect them.

2. Network Security

Most attacks occur over the network. Hence, businesses must implement a network security program to protect themselves from cyberattacks.

Network security helps organisations to secure computers from intruders, targeted attackers, and opportunistic malware. It ensures the security of internal networks by protecting the infrastructure and restricting access to it.

In this type of cybersecurity, security teams use machine learning technology to highlight unusual traffic and alert risks in real time. This enables teams to manage network security monitoring more effectively. Furthermore, security teams are constantly improving their network security by implementing policies that can prevent cyberattacks.

Some examples of network security implementation:

  • Additional Logins
  • New Passwords
  • Antivirus software
  • Firewalls
  • Incognito mode
  • Encryption
  • Monitored internet access

3. Cloud Security

Cloud security is a software-based security tool that guards and keeps an eye on the data stored in your cloud resources. Incorporating this type of cybersecurity into the system will provide users with secure data, thus will help reduce the possibility of a cyber-attack.

It is similar to traditional approaches in which data is stored on physical servers and systems you own and control. However, the cost of maintaining massive data facilities and the risk of security breaches are minimal in cloud security.

4. Internet of Things (IoT) Security

IoT security is the process of protecting Internet-connected devices and the networks to which they are linked from online threats and security flaws. This type of cybersecurity solution helps protect, identify, and monitor risks as well as address device vulnerabilities that may pose security risks to your business.

IoT devices include both critical and non-critical cyber-physical systems such as:

  • Appliances
  • Sensors
  • Televisions
  • Wi-Fi routers
  • Printers
  • Security cameras

5. Application Security

Application security defends data and software application code from online threats and intrusions. It employs hardware and software methods to combat external threats during the project’s development phase, including design, development, and deployment.

Many businesses use this type of cybersecurity to identify sensitive data and protect them.

Some types of application security:

  • Authentication
  • Authorisation
  • Anti-virus Program
  • Firewalls
  • Encryption Programs

Take Away

Cybersecurity is essential to protect your computer systems from online threats. However, in a world where every device is connected to the internet, cybercriminals have endless ways to attack your systems and cause chaos. Therefore, you must adapt to new technologies and learn new skills to keep your data secure.

You can enrol in best cyber security courses offered by world-class universities to learn the technologies, tools, and skills needed to protect your organisation from cyber-attacks. Furthermore, taking these online professional courses will help you advance your career in the field.


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