Pig Breeding: Features And Business Development Prospects
The high profitability of pork meat and large annual production volumes will make it possible to profitably sell products on the market, with minimal costs to agro-industrial enterprises, which means it is a very promising and profitable sector of the economy, which is profitable to develop.
Pig farming as a business
According to analytical data, pig breeding is one of the most profitable industries in global livestock breeding, giving on average about 20% of net profit. For comparison, the level of profitability in poultry farming is about 17%, and in cattle breeding (the industry most favored by the state) – only 8%.
Such attractive indicators are explained by the fact that, on the one hand, the production cycle in pig breeding is quite short (piglets acquire a marketable appearance by 6 months), and on the other hand, pigs are the most unpretentious farm animals in terms of feed. Additional positive factors can also be considered a high fertility of sows and a low susceptibility of these animals to various kinds of diseases.
One sow brings on average about 12-15 piglets at a time, and in some cases even more. For comparison, a cow rarely produces more than one calf at a time, sheep and goats produce 1-2 calves at a time. At the same time, the gestation period in pigs is slightly more than 3 months, plus another 1-2 months is needed to feed the offspring. After that, the piglets can already be taken away from the mother. In practice, one sow can produce up to 30 piglets per year, which is simply incomparable with the capabilities of cows and sheep and explains why raising pigs and piglets is such a profitable activity.
Finally, pigs have a high meat yield per animal. Waste that cannot be sold (or sold at a cheap price) accounts for only about 15-20% of the live weight of a pig, while in cattle this figure is within 40%.
Pigs keeping conditions
The correct breeding technique for pigs involves keeping them in a room where the following conditions are met:
- the air temperature is not lower than + 11 ° С, preferably even higher; for small pigs, + 18-20 ° C degrees is absolutely necessary;
- good ventilation;
- it is recommended to disinfect walls and ceilings with lime whitewash, which should be regularly updated;
- it is highly desirable to make the floors of wood, providing a slight slope;
- windows are certainly needed so that the room is illuminated with natural light and can be freely ventilated if necessary.
When building a pigsty, it is important to pay maximum attention to the arrangement of the floors. The simplest option is a concrete screed, on top of which a wooden floor made of knocked down boards is laid at a slight slope (so that waste can drain).
In order for the pigs to be comfortable and they can gain weight faster, the area of the pigsty should be correctly calculated. According to the calculations of experts, one pig for fattening requires 3, and preferably 4 square meters. The sow, which must be kept in a separate cage, needs 5 square meters. It is highly desirable to provide areas for walking young animals. Also, do not forget about the need to allocate passages between corrals, technical and utility rooms.